WHAT IS RTI? It is a Response to Intervention is a schoolwide system for improving student achievement by directly linking ongoing assessment to instructional decision-making to accomplish three important goals:

  • Ensure that every student in need of intervention receives high-quality, research-based instruction as soon as the need is detected

  • Provide progress-monitoring tools to ensure that teachers are making data-based decisions about interventions and adjusting interventions based on the data.

  • Provide a practical and scientifically-based method of qualifying students as eligible for special education services based on their response to the interventions being provided.


Teach all children: All children can learn and educators are responsible for identifying and fostering conditions that promote learning for all children.

Intervene early: It is best to intervene early when academic and behavior difficulties are relatively small.

Use a multi-tier model: By effectively differentiating the nature and intensity of instruction via a multi-tier model, the educational outcomes for all students are enhanced.

Use a problem-solving process: When educators use a clearly defined problem-solving process, they can pinpoint learning problems and determine why they are happening, identify interventions that will help rectify the problems, and monitor student progress to ascertain whether the interventions worked.

Use assessment: Three types of assessment –screening, diagnostic, and progress monitoring are used to gauge the extent of student learning.

Use evidence-based instruction: Instructional practices and interventions that have foundations in scientifically based research accelerate student progress. Curriculum and instruction should have demonstrated effectiveness for the student’s situation and the school setting.

Monitor progress: Progress monitoring is a form of dynamic assessment that measures the change in a student’s level or rate of learning. The best progress monitoring tools are sensitive to growth and can be applied frequently to monitor student progress over time.

Use data: Student data should be used to make instructional decisions and determine classification and placement decisions (e.g., moving students from the first to the second tier of intervention). This requires that an ongoing data collection system is in place.

What is PBIS?

Improving student academic and behavior outcomes is about ensuring all students have access to the most effective and accurately implemented instructional and behavioral practices and interventions possible. PBIS is a decision-making framework that guides the selection, integration, and implementation of the best evidence-based academic and behavioral practices for improving academic and behavioral outcomes for all students.

What does PBIS Emphasize?

Develop a continuum of scientifically based behavior and academic interventions and supports

Use data to make decisions and solve problems

Arrange the environment to prevent the development and occurrence of problem behavior

Teach and encourage pro-social skills and behaviors

Implement evidence-based behavioral practices with accountability